UDL Principle III--Engagement

What Motivates Students

What motivates students to learn? How can we keep them engaged throughout the learning process? The answer varies from student to student.UDL encourages the inclusion of multiple means of engagement in course materials. There are many ways to encourage student engagement and motivation in your courses. The following includes ways in which you can use instructional technologies to encourage engagement in course activities:

7. Provide options for recruiting interest, including 1) optimize individual choice and autonomy, 2) optimize relevance, value and authenticity, and 3) minimize threats and distractions. 8. Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence, including 1) heighten salience of goals and objectives, 2) vary demands and resources to optimize challenge, 3) foster collaboration and community, and 4) increase mastery-oriented feedback. 9. Provide options for self-regulation, including 1) promote expectations and beliefs that optimize motivation, 2) facilitate personal coping skills and strategies, and 3) develop self-assessment and reflection.

UDL Principle III: Provide Multiple Means of Engagement

1. Provide Options For Recruiting Interest

Voice & Choice: When possible, provide students with opportunities to make decisions about their learning. For example, you could offer students the choice of more than one essay prompt for an assignment or give students the option of working in groups to complete an in-class exercise. Incorporate student opinions by polling with a personal response system in lecture courses or developing online discussions in Canvas.

Relevance: Make course activities relevant by linking class activities to student interests and life outside the classroom. Some instructors have incorporated service-learning, volunteer, and internship experiences directly into classroom teaching. You can also consider teaching tools including virtual communications to bring a leader in your field to your classroom from a distance or incorporate peer instruction methods into your teaching.

2.  Provide Options For Sustaining Effort And Persistence

3. Provide Options For Self-regulation


CAST (2011). Universal design for learning guidelines version 2.0. Wakeeld, MA: Author.