UDL Principle I--Representation

What You Present

Representation refers to the ways that you present content to your students. UDL encourages you to provide multiple and flexible options to give learners various ways to perceive and comprehend information.  This can range from providing materials in multiple ways to including active learning techniques like flipping the classroom for active learning.

The principle of representation is structured around the following guidelines:

1.  Provide Options For Perception

1. Provide options for perception, including 1) offer ways of customizing the display of information; 2) offer alternatives for auditory information; 3) offer alternatives for visual information. 2. Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbols, including 1) clarify vocabulary and symbols 2) clarify syntax and structure 3) support decoding of text, mathematical notation, and symbols 4) promote understanding across languages 5) illustrate through multiple media. 3. Provide options for comprehension, including 1) activate or supply background knowledge 2) highlight patterns, critical features, big ideas, and relationships 3) guide information processing, visualization, and manipulation 4) maximize transfer and generalization.

UDL Principle 1: Provide Multiple Means of Representation

Teaching from a UDL framework invites instructors to present materials in flexible ways and calls faculty to ask, “How can I make this material easy for students to use in another format?”  “How can I ensure that key information is equally perceptible to all learners?” Below are some quick strategies for making course materials more flexible and accessible for students:

Making content flexible is particularly important for students with disabilities. Review the Accessible Instructional Materials (AIM) website to learn more about how you can make your content accessible to students with disabilities.

2.  Provide Options For Language, Mathematical Expression, And Symbols

3.  Provide Options For Comprehension


CAST (2011). Universal design for learning guidelines version 2.0. Wakeeld, MA: Author.